The practice of pest control refers to the control of specific species that are detrimental to society, economy or environment. Generally an agricultural plane uses low-pressure insecticide laced with agricultural dust to kill weeds and pests from an airplane. Pest control, in the broadest sense, is the management or control of a specific species defined as an insect, a member of the insect kingdom that negatively impacts on human health. These include mosquitoes, flies, cockroaches, fleas, mold, bacteria, fungi, ticks, and many other species. Pest Control differs from biological control, as biological control seeks to avoid or weaken the ability of a particular organism to reproduce by using negative forces such as temperature, light, or sound.
Pest Control methods vary according to the kind of insects targeted. Some Pest Control techniques include the use of insecticides and baits, fumigation, and traps. Many people prefer the use of traps because it is not very harmful for people or animals and is considered the safest method of pest control. The use of insecticides on the other hand, may prove dangerous for people or animals exposed to the insecticides. However, when used carefully with the right frequency, insecticides have a minimal effect on the population of the pest.
Among the common pests present on our farms are probably the most common pest control practices: the use of insecticides, fumigants, and the application of traps. These are often preferred over biological methods because they have a lower incidence of side effects on humans and animals exposed to them. Although chemical-based products can be more efficient, they may also pose a threat to the environment in the form of fumes released during application or in the long term after the use. As a result, many farmers today use natural enemies to keep their food supply safe from pests and to keep their animals healthy.
One of the most common pest control practices is fumigation. During the process, gas that is usually chlorinated causes an allergic reaction in humans and animals exposed to it. Though this is effective for termite and spider infestations, many experts recommend using fumigants for other types of pest infestations, particularly those that occur continuously. Using fumigation indoors is not advisable because there will be no escape for the chemicals from furniture or equipment. Fumigation of farm equipment is safe as long as they are properly scheduled for the right season and the right dose is applied.
Another common pest control practice is the use of chemical baits, which are either pesticides themselves or related compounds that can be added to food or in some cases, into soil. There are two types of baits: those that contain pesticides themselves and those that do not. Usually, the non-pesticides are applied by hand to prevent unintended ingestion, while the pesticides are applied with a spray gun. Some pesticides act on insects that do not belong in the insect’s diet while others may act on those that are considered pests but are not classified as such. Both types of insecticides are dangerous to humans and the environment so one must exercise caution when applying them.
Rodents may also pose a risk to homeowners’ health and those of pets and children by carrying toxins that can cause serious illnesses later in life. For this reason, pest control workers must also use poison baits as well as traps to trap the rodents. The use of traps and bait, together with pesticides, helps minimize damage to homes and the environment as well as lessen health risks to workers.